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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is 1,5-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining; and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

After logging in, please click "User home". Authors should be prepared to submit additional information, including an abstract (up to 150 words), keywords, full address information (e-mail and mailing address), and a short biographical statement (affiliation and research interests).

The journal follows Harvard style in format.

Inquiries should be sent to managing editor Shobhit Shakya,






-         Use Times New Roman 12 pt throughout, 1.5 space.

-          In case of illustrations and graphics other than the usual Word graphics, please consult the managing editor. Illustrations are as a rule welcome, but well-reproducible, copyright-free or -paid datafile versions must be supplied by the author.

-          Emphasis is by italics only; underlining, boldface, or block letters are not permitted, excepting boldface in headlines.




-         Use double quotation marks; single quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations and 'so-called' words.

-          Use curly quotation marks and apostrophes.

-          Periods and commas are put before the closing quotation mark, all other punctuation after.

-          Square brackets are used for interpolations in quotations.

-          Use n-dashes (n - n) for appositions, neither m-dashes (m-m) nor double hyphens (x-- x).

-          Use hyphens for ranges like page numbers and years, e.g. 1978-2006, 112-236.




-          Quotations of less than fifty words should be run into the text; otherwise remove quotation marks and set as a block quotation.

-          Cite source and page reference for all quotations.

-          Quotations must be incorporated syntactically into the text including appropriate punctuation.

-          Put [sic] after spelling mistakes you took over from the source.

-          The author is responsible for obtaining permission in writing to quote copyrighted material and must pay all fees for the use of such material before submitting the manuscript for consideration.




-          Use the normal Word footnote mode.

-          If an in-text reference is longer than one line or exceeds three items, set it as a footnote.


Dates: 3 May 2006, 3 May, May 2006.




-          If the language of your essay is English, decide between British or American English and keep this consistent.

-          If the language is German, use the now-reformed Neue or the Traditionelle Rechtschreibung and keep this consistent. You can use German quotation-mark rules etc., but you should keep to the English-style note and reference system as indicated.

-          If you use any other language, please choose a consistent model and consult with the managing editor.

-          Quotations in other than the essay's language should be set in italics. With the exception of short, well-known terms, names, titles, and references, they should be translated in square brackets




-          Indent the second and subsequent lines of every entry ("hanging").

-          Sort them alphabetically by authors' last names and then chronologically from most recent to earliest. If an author has published more than one work in one year, add a, b and so forth to the year.

-          Use a source either in the original language or in a translation into the language of the essay, not into a third one.



-          One author: Last Name 1, First Name 1 - Melville, Herman

-          Two authors: Last Name 1, First Name 1 and First Name 2 Last Name 2 - Kavalier, Joe and Sam Clay

-          Three authors: Last Name 1, First Name 1, First Name 2 Last Name 2 and First Name 3 Last Name 3 - Duck, Huey, Dewey Duck and Louie Duck

-          More authors: Last Name 1, First Name 1 et al. - Inamillion, Juan et al.

-          For editors, add (ed.) / (eds) after the name before the period.




-          If it is not the first edition, place ordinal number (2nd, 3rd, 4th) edn between the title and the place.

-          Do not put p. or pp. in front of page numbers.




-          Author(s). Year. Title: Subtitle. Place: Publisher.

o   Perón, Eva. 1951. Argentina: Crying after all. 2nd edn. Buenos Aires: Silver Press.

o   Bialystock, Max and Leo Bloom (eds). 1979. Prisoner of Love: Essays on the Theater of Roger De Bris. New York: Hyperion.

-          No author: Title: Subtitle. Year. Place: Publisher.

o   No one Wrote me. 2004. Bochum: Relevance.


Book chapter


-          Author. Year. "Chapter Title." In Editor (ed.) / (eds). Title: Subtitle. Place: Publisher, Page Numbers.

o   Ghia, Carmen. 1979. "A Common-Law Perspective." In Max Bialystock and Leo Bloom (eds). Prisoner of Love: Essays on the Theater of Roger De Bris. New York: Hyperion, 54-67.




-          Author. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume of Journal (Number of Issue), Page Numbers.

o   Van De Kamp, Bree. 2004. "Upholstering for Pharmacies." Suburbia 39 (4), 113-116.


Parenthetical In-Text Reference


-          Put the source of a quotation after the quotation in parenthesis: (Last Name(s) Year, Page Numbers)

-          If there is no Name given, use the title instead.

o   (Perón 1951, 212-213)

o   (Bialystock and Bloom 1979, 24-26)

o   (No one Wrote me 2004, 118)

o   (Ghia 1979, 59-60)

o   (Van De Kamp 2004, 113)