Building an Agile Government: Its Possibilities, Challenges, and New Tasks

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Kil Pyo Hong Pan Suk Kim


Although “agility” is a popular term today, an understanding of its meaning and key components is lacking. The term “agile government” has been increasingly used in various studies and reports but remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to review agile government studies, overcome the various new challenges against such trends, and identify possibilities of building an effective agile government. First, business agility studies and agile development methods are reviewed, followed by an overview of agile government studies and an evaluation of the present and future uses for agile governments. Finally, this paper identifies various challenges and suggests new tasks toward a more agile government based on the reviews.

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Author Biographies

Kil Pyo Hong, Baekseok University, South Korea

Kil Pyo Hong is Professor of Business Management in the Division of Business and Commerce at Baekseok University in South Korea. He earned his Ph.D. degree in Business Administration from Seoul National University in Seoul, Korea. He is currently a member of the Public PersonnelInnovation Committee. He was a Chairperson of the Management Evaluation Committee of public Institutions in the Ministry of Education and a member of the Presidential Committee on Government Innovation and Decentralization in 2003-2005. Email:

Pan Suk Kim, Yonsei University

Pan Suk Kim is Professor of Public Administration in the College of Government and Business at Yonsei University in South Korea and the International Director of the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA). He is also a lifetime fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) in Washington, DC. He was the President of the International Institute  of Administrative Sciences (IIAS) and the Asian Association for Public Administration (AAPA). He served for the Committee of Experts on Public Administration (CEPA) of the United Nations for two terms in 2006-2013. Email:

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